The uneven circulation of people, objects and information across the Mediterranean speaks of deep inequalities and chronic conflicts. Analysts warn of a potential deterioration of political stability in the coming decades due to, inter alia, environmental degradation, scarcity of fossil fuels, and economic and demographic disjunctures between northern and southern shores. Understanding these challenges in an age of globalisation requires theoretical and methodological tools that account for the increasingly transnational nature of social, political, economic and environmental life. This networking initiative, born under the auspices of the Centre for Mobilities Research at Lancaster, looks at the region in ways that highlight its transnational complexity and aims at generating and disseminating policy-relevant intelligence on Mediterranean mobilities in the 21st century. Mediterranean Mobilities blends area studies with the mobilities turn in the social sciences.